Things to do in Prague, what to see in prague

Prague is deservedly referred to as the most romantic city of Central Europe. This should come as no surprise since at one point in time, builders of this city went to great lengths to mirror Paris. Prague, the capital city of Czech Republic, is rich in history and art. My article on Things to Do in Prague will guide you through the city, embarking on a time capsule journey through the city’s architechture while filling your senses with its magical atmosphere.

In the following pages of Things to Do in Prague, you will find:

Things To Do in Prague – Top 20 Sites

Things to do in Prague
Things to do in Prague blog

This magnificient city was spared unscathed during World War 2. In the next few pages I will focus on detailed descriptions of Things to Do in Prague but first:

 Where to Stay in Prague  When choosing your accommodation there are 3 regions you should focus on: Old Town and surroundings, Mala Strana region and New Town. For details, please see my article on Where to Stay in Prague

 Prague Hotel Recommendations  My personal favorite is the Art Nouveau Palace Hotel, a 5-star property with great value for money. Check it out! Other popular hotels are  4★ Residence Malvaze, 4★ BoHo Prague Hotel, 5★ Grandior Hotel.

1. Old Town Center

Things to do in Prague Old Town Square

Home to many of Prague’s historical buildings, Old Town Center should top your list of Things to Do in Prague. Used as an open market place during Middle Ages, Old Town Center is the most visited area of Prague in modern times and should be on top of your list for sightseeing in Prague.

Here you can visit; Church of Our Lady Before Tyn (Tyn Church), Kinsky Palace, Jan Hus Monument and St. Nicholas Church and these sites clearly top the list of Things to Do in Prague.

It was on this very same square where Jan Zelivsky and leading rebels, opposing the Emperor Mathias were improsoned and finally 27 of whom were decapitated in 1621.

 Nearby Hotels : For hotels nearby Old Town Center, click here.

2. Astronomical Clock and Old Town Hall

Things to do in Prague Astronomical Clock and Old Town Hall

The Old Town Hall, was first built in 1338. It was in the center of the Velvet Revolution in 1989, and where the independence of the Czechoslovak State was declared to create the modern Czech Republic in 1918 In the basement, several Romanesque and Gothic-style living areas of the administration building were refurbished to its current state between 1905-1910.

When visiting this site, don’t leave without seeing Old Council Hall, the Antechamber to the Assembly Hall but the most interesting part of the structure is the tower that was added to the building in the 14th century and the Astronomical Clock on it.

Every hour, hundreds of tourists from all over the world gather in front of the Old Town Hall to enjoy a fascinating mechanical performance which in the Middle Ages was considered one of the wonders of the world.

The Astronomical Clock has been one of the greatest treasures of the city for 600 years. The Astronomical Clock has 3 main components: The astronomical dial representing position of Sun and Moon in the sky with various astronomical details, “Walk of the Apostles” an hourly show of the Apostles and 4 other moving statues, representing Vanity, Greed, Death and Infidelity followed by the Calendar Dial which represents monthsin a zodiacal ring.

You will need a ticket to access the Observation Tower on top of the building for magnificent views of the city.

  • Address: Staroměstské náměstí 1, 110 00 Praha
  • Opening Hours: 10:00-18:00
  • Entrance Fee: 250 CZK

3. Prague Castle

places to see in prague Prague Castle

Sprawled over 111,000 acres of land, housing historical palaces, administrative offices, military barracks, gardens and religious buildings, the Prague Castle is one of the largest in the world. It is built by Premsylid Dynasty in the 9 th Century.

Prague Castle became an imperial residence for the first time during the reign of Charles IV (King of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor), Today, after many hundreds of years of fascinating history, Prague Castle is the seat of the Czech president, the most important National Cultural Monument of the Czech Republic, and a place of storage for many priceless art relics and historical documents

Visitors are expected to go through security check point while entering Prague Castle. Once inside, you may visit St. Vitus CathedralOld Royal Palace, Golden Lanethe Royal Garden and the South Gardens as well as White Tower, all of which stand out for historical, architechtural and artistic reasons.

Similar to the view from Astronomical Clock, Prague Castle is another ideal spot to take in the magnifiecent scenery.

You may visit Prague Castle on your own or by joining a guided tour. The best way to get to Prague Castle on your own, is to use the tram. Tickets to the castle can be bought at the entrance.

4. St. Vitus Cathedral

Things to do in Prague St Vitus Cathedral

St. Vitus Cathedral is witness to many coronations and funerals of kings and queens of Bohemia; some of whom have made it their eternal resting place. The building of the cathedral started in 1344 and lasted for 600 years in time passing through Neo-Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque periods.

Famous Czech painter Alfons Mucha’s stained-glass decorations around the royal tombs, the gutters on the western façade, buttresses, the choir section and the vaults at the golden stone gate are recommended in addition to St. Wenceslas Cathedral and carved wooden panel of Flight of Frederick are worth seeing.

5. Charles Bridge

Charles Bridge Prague attractions

On your way from the Old Town to the Prague Castle, you will pass by the Charles Bridge; a 1700 ft. long structure that is an absolute “must see” on your list of Things to Do in Prague.

The building replaced the Judith Bridge, which was heavily damaged during the floods in 1342. It was built between 1357 and 1402 by the order of King Charles IV. From 1870 onwards. the bridge was named the Charles Bridge.

It consists of two defensive towers on each end and 30 statues on which Jesus Christ, and various saints and patron saints are depicted. Among these sculptures from 1683 to 1928, the depiction of St. John of Nepomuk is of great interest.

  •  Nearby Hotels : For hotels nearby Charles Bridge, click here.
  • Address: Karlův most, 110 00 Praha 1

6. Wenceslas Square

things to see in prague Wenceslas Square

Your Things to Do in Prague list would be incomplete without a visit to Wenceslas Square; one of the most popular tourist attractions of the city for sightseeing.

In the Middle Ages, Wenceslas Square was used as a market for horse traders, got its present look in the 19th century and was a witness to many historic and political events through the years.

Jan Palach, a 20 year old Czech student set himself on fire here to protest against the regime; 1989 Velvet Revolution and events leading upto it took place on this very square finally taking down the communist regime. Today, Wenceslas Square is filled with vibrant shops, restaurants and entertainment venues.

Other sightseeing recommendations nearby the Wenceslas Square include the National Museum, Koruna Palace and Franciscan Gardens. Statues of various sizes are scattered around in the Wenceslas Square but the most famour one is no doubt the statue of St. Wenceslas himself on a horse erected in 1912.

As I have stressedin my article Where To Stay in Prague, Wenceslas Square is an area that I highly recommend not only for its beauty and rich history but also for its vibrant citylife and close proximity to shoppping areas and central train station.

  •  Nearby Hotels : For hotels nearby Wenceslas Square, click here.

7. Petrin Hill & Tower

Things to do in Prague Petrin Hill Tower

Famous for its vineyards in the 15th century, Petrin Hill was opened to the public in 1825. Every year on May 1st, Pagan rituals are celebrated on the hill by locals as well as visitors to Prague.

300 meters up, the Petrin Hill offers fresh air and breathtaking scenery and should be considered on your Things to Do in Prague list.

The best way to get to the top of the hill is to use the funicular railway which opened in 1891. Once on the hill, sightseeing must include Mirror Maze, Strahov Monastery, Hunger Wall, famous Czech poet Karel Hynench Macha’s Monument and Cathedral of St. Lawrence.

Those travelers who prefer to take a birdseye view of the city can go up to the Petrin Lookout Tower, another highlight of the list of Things to Do in Prague.

Petrin Lookout Tower was built as part of the Jubilee Exhibition in 1891. It is 200 ft. High and loosely resembles the Eiffel Tower. One needs to climb 299 steps to get to the top but the effort is well worth the strife.

  • Address: Petřínské sady 633, 118 00 Praha 1-Malá Strana
  • Opening Hours: 10:00-22:00
  • Entrance Fee: 120 CZK

8. Dancing House

prague attractions Dancing House

The Dancing House, also known as Fred and Ginger, was built between 1992-1996, replacing an old building destroyed in 1945 by an American military airstrike.

The land was bought by National Nederlanden a Dutch Insurance Company in 1992. Landowners commissioned Vlado Milunic and Frank Gehry with the design of the building. On the banks of Vlata River, this house consists of two separate bodies, one made of glass an is curvy, representing the woman and the other quite straight representing the man.

Visitors that include this sight on their list of Things to Do in Prague will find a unique building structure on the outside and a hotel, art gallery and a restaurant on the inside in addition to offices. Rooftop terrace of the restaurant offers spectacular views of the river and the city.

  • Address: Jiráskovo náměstí 1981/6, 120 00 Praha 2

9. Josefov – Old Jewish Quarter

prague attractions Josefov

The Old Jewish Quarter, also known as Josefov, originally thought to have begun in the 13th century, is located between the Old Town and the Vltava River.

During the period 1893-1913 when Prague was being rebuilt to resemble Paris, a great portion of this settlement was demolished making it almost impossible to visualize the original settlement in its entirety.

Thanks to the remaining structures, however, it is possible to see enough evidence of 500 hundred years of Jewish history. For your sightseeing in Josefov, start wih St. Agnes of Bohemia Convent followed by the 6 synagogues and finally ending at the oldest and largest Old Jewish Cemetery in Europe.

10. Mala Strana (Lesser Town)

places to see in prague Mala Strana

At the foothills of Prague Castle and the meanders of Vlatava river, Mala Strana was founded by the order of Kıng Ottokar II of Bohemia in 1257. Its first inhabitants were of German and Italian origin.

A century later, the borders of the settlement were expanded by Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV. While the oldest buildings in Mala Strana still have Baroque style architecture, those that have been built and rebuilt after the fire of 1541 display Renaissance Era influence in Lesser Town.

For sightseeing in Mala Strana on your list of Things to Do in Prague, do not miss St. Nicholas Church and Wallenstein Palace.

11. St. Nicholas Church

places to see in prague St Nicholas Church

The church of Saint Nicholas in Mala Strana, Lesser Town, was built between 1703-1752. St. Nicholas Church is known to be the most valuable Baroque structure of not only the Czech Republic but also the Alps.

Church’s green colored dome isa perfect spot to take in the views of the city. Frescoes are realized by Frantisek Xavier Palco and Jan Lukas Kracker. Both inside and outside of this majestic religious structure, one can see many sculptures by the renowned artist Frantisek Platzer.

The exterior of the church was designed by Johann Hennevogelin his signature style. The 18 th century organ was played by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart while he visited Prague, making St. Nicholas Church synonymous with classical music. St. Nicholas Church in Lesser Town is a must see in Things to Do in Prague sightseeing list.

  • Address: Malostranské náměstí 118 00 Praha 1
  • Opening Hours: 09:00-17:00
  • Entrance Fee: 70 CZK

12. Prague Municipal House

Things to do in Prague Municipal House

Art Nouveau lovers will thoroughly enjoy this building, built in 1906-1912. Prague Municipal House, was also the site of proclamation of the state of Chechoslavakia in 1918. The building occupies the space which is called Royal Court and used by many Bohemian Kings between the dates of 1383 till 1483.

The Royal Court was demolished in 1903 to make room for the Prague Municipal House of today. Top 30 architects and artists of its time helped shape this magnificent art nouveau structure.

Upon entrance, you are welcomed by the Apotheosis to Prague mosaic. Among many different translations of its inscription, this is my favorite one: “Hail to you Prague! Brave the time and malice as you have resisted all the storms throughout the ages”.

The Municipal House is home to Smetana Hall which is the largest concert hall in Prague, a café and a restaurant can also be found inside. On the grounds of the Municipal House, there is also a café and a restaurant for your pleasure.

  • Address: Náměstí Republiky 5, 111 21 Praha
  • Opening Hours: 10.00-19.00
  • Entrance Fee: 290 CZK

13. Church of Our Lady before Tyn

Things to do in Prague Church of Our Lady before Tyn

Tyn Church (Church of Our Lady before Tyn), which was started in the middle of the 14th century and completed in the first years of the 16th century, is seen as one of the most magnificent structures of Prague with its 80 meter high twin towers named for Adam and Eve and its Gothic exterior architecture.

Tyn Church, in the 17th century, has been influenced by other artistic periods, namely  Roccoco and Baroque. Great examples include altar paintings by Karel Škréta and the tomb of the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe. The organ dating from 1673 is the oldest in Prague. Various classical music concerts are held in the church throughout the year.

The entrance to this religious building is through the school in the front bearing the same name.

  • Adres: Staroměstské nám. 110 00 Staré Město Praha
  • Opening Hours: 10:00-17:00

14. John Lennon Wall

things to see in prague John Lennon Wall

John Lennon Wall is a memorial built by Prague’s youth as a tribute to the famous Beatles singer following his murder in 1980.

The wall faces the town square and is across from the French Embassy and displays graffitti, political and peace messages and lyrics from various Beatles songs.

During the communist regime, the wall was cleaned periodically by the order of the secret police. But the youth kept on coming back and filling it with more tributes to the artist. 9 years after his death, in 1989, all that was left from John Lennon’s original portrait on the wall was his eyes.

Unless you are a die-hard Lennon and/or Beatles fan, the wall may not be worth a special visit, in my opinion, however if you are close by around the Charles Bridge, you may want to take a look at it.

  • Address: Velkopřevorské náměstí, 100 00 Praha 1

15. Prague National Museum

Things to do in Prague National Museum

The National Museum operates in a historical building designed by Josef Schulz in 1880’s. Prague National Museum’s extensive collection of detailed information about the country’s cultural, artistic and scientific history makes it a Must-See site in the city.

In addition to the country’s historical collection, you can also see the bust and statues of Czech scientists, writers and artists.

The National Museum is currently closed for renovation and is expected to re-open this year. During this time, many of the exhibitions can be seen at the following address: Vinohradská 1, 110 00 Praha 1

  • Address: Václavské nám. 68, 115 79 Praha 1
  • Opening Hours: 10:00-18:00
  • Entrance Fee: 250 CZK

16. Prague National Theater

Things to do in Prague National Theater

Built solely by donations of Czech people, Prague National Theater opened its doors to art-lovers of the country for the first time in 1881 with an objective to preserve the language and become the symbol of its independence.

Sadly, soon after opening, the building was devastated by fire which started a 2-year painstaking rebuilding project.

Following the building of many modern theaters all around the city, Prague Nationa Theater building is now merelya symbol of its history but continues to house many classical opera and ballet performances.

The building can be visited in about an hour by participating in one of the guided tours.

  • Address: Národní 2, 110 00 Nové Město Praha
  • Opening Hours: 10:00-18:00
  • Entrance Fee: 200 CZK (Rehberli Tur)
  • Web:

17. Strahov Monastery

Things to do in Prague Strahov Monastery

Strahov Monastery, which has an art gallery and a library in addition to two churches, was founded in 1140 by a group of clerics led by St. Norbert.

The monastery, which was closed during the communist regime, was re-established as a center of intellectual and spiritual life by the monks who returned after the revolution.

This religious complex, first consisted of wooden buildings in Romanesque style, followed by Gothic architecture until 1742 when the French bombing of the city occurred. Buildings built after 1742 display the Baroque style. In addition to a library and an art gallery, a brewery and miniature museum can be found in this complex.

  • Address: Strahovské nádvoří 1/132, 118 00 Praha 1
  • Opening Hours: 09:00-17:00
  • Entrance Fee: 120 CZK
  • Web:

18. Klementinum

Klementinum Things to do in Prague

Klementinum, the largest building complex in the city after Prague Castle, was founded by the Jesuits, which Emperor Ferdinand I. Ferdinand invited Jesuits to Prague in 1556.

The community settled in the old monastery dedicated to St. Clement, andcontinued its activities from here until 1773, when they left the city. After the Jesuits, the building complex was taken over by the Prague University and the National Library.

Mirror Chapel inside the Klementinum complex is now a classical concert and exhibition hall. You can visit the Mirror Chapel with an organized tour and guide to get detailed information about the churches, schools, observatories and printing house inside.

  • Address: Mariánské nám. 5, 110 00 Staré Město Praha
  • Opening Hours: 10:00-18:00
  • Entrance Fee: 250 CZK (Rehberli Tur)
  • Web:

19. Powder Gate (Tower)

Things to do in Prague Powder Gate Tower

The Powder Gate, which is the starting point of the Royal Road extending from Hradcany Castle to the Royal Palace, was originally built by King Vladislav in the late 15th century as a place to store cannons.

Historically speaking, the Prague Powder Gate is one of only two of the original thirteen Old Town city gates that survived to this day. The gate gets its name from the early 18th Century when as part of the barracks it secured the gunpowder supply for the defense of this part of Prague.

After seeing damage in the fire of 1541, it was rebuilt as a workshop of cannon and bell maker Tomas Jaros.Located close to the City Hall on the Republic Square, its tower offers a breathtaking view of the city from the top.

  • Address: nám. Republiky 5, 110 00 StaréMěsto Praha
  • Opening Hours:10:00-22:00
  • Entrance Fee: 100 CZK

20. Kampa Island

Things to do in Prague Kampa Island

Kampa Island, with its romantic atmosphere and exceptional  natural beauty deserves to be listed on Must See sites in things to do in Prague.

It is located on the Vlata River’s Devil’s Inlet (Certovka) The island which has a large 15th century mill  and has been a busy settlement for a population dealing with linnen emnroidery, pottery and laundry. Nowadays, Kampa Island is compared to Venice, a place for a peaceful retreat to take in nature and soak up the sun particularly in the summer.

Other Sites to See in Prague

If you are not pressed for time, add the following sites to your list of Things to Do in Prague:

  • Prague Zoo
  • Golden Lane
  • Vysehrad
  • Prague Spanish Synagogue
  • National Gallery
  • Letna Park
  • Zizkov TV Tower
  • Nicholas Church
  • Mucha Museum
  • Franz Kafka Museum
  • Franz Kafka Statue
  • Convent of St Agnes of Bohemia
  • Prague Old Royal Palace
  • Old New Synagogue
  • Loreto and Nerudova Street

Budget Hotels in Prague – Central and Quality

As discussed in detail in my article Where To Stay in Prague, choose your accommodation in one of the 3 recommended regions. These are: Old Town and Sorroundings  (Stare Mesto), Mala Strana ve New Town (Nove Mesto).

Prague hotels
4-star property, Hotel UNIC Prague is one of the most popular in the city. For details click here.

For budget travelers, 3-star Motel One Prague near the Old Town and Hotel Kampa Garden, in Mala Strana, are good choices. If you prefer 4-star accommodation, consider Hotel UNIC Prague and BoHo Prague Hotel. For 5-star properties, take a look at Grandior Hotel Prague and Radisson Blu Alcron Hotel adlı tesislere göz atabilirsiniz.

You may find my recommendations on Regions of Prague and hotels in every region for every budget in my Article Where to Stay in Prague.

Things to Do in Prague Map

Things to do in Prague, prague attraction map
Map locations of all sites in Things to Do in Prague. To open in Google Maps click here.

My Must See 20 sites detailed in the article Things to Do in Prague are plotted across the map for your easy access on Google Maps.

This map can not only be used to plan your trip to Prague before arrival but also will work as a GPS guide on your mobile device while getting around in the city.

I have tried to provide you with as much detail about sightseeing in Prague in my article entitled Things to Do in Prague. From accommodation to transportation, food to shopping, everything you need to know about Prague can be found in my other articles.

View this article in Turkish: Prag Gezilecek Yerler

Sami Altınay
Seyahat yazarı, blogger. Yeni yerler gezip görmek vazgeçilmez tutkusu. 4 kıtada 40'a yakın ülke görme şansı olsa da skor peşinde koşmaktan çok sevdiği şehirlere tekrar tekrar gitmekten bıkmayan gezgin, turist.

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